Designed Consumers (DCs)
Policy measure

According to Chakarvarti (2010), the Indian Energy Conservation Act 2001 included a programme entitled Designed Consumers (DCs) which focused on energy policy issues for energy efficiency improvement in organized sectors, such as energy intensive industries, through the establishment of energy management systems, among other things. 


The Act provides a list of 15 energy intensive industries and other establishments which are DCs. Moreover, the Act specifies that the responsibilities of the DCs are to: 

  • “Appoint or designate energy managers.

  • Get energy audits conducted by accredited energy auditors.

  • Implement techno-economic viable recommendations.

  • Comply with norms of specific energy consumption fixed.

  • Submit report on steps taken.”

According to Sood (n.d.), out of 15 energy intensive industries, 9 have been identified as DCs.

No identified challenges.

As of 2010, the following activities had been initiated by the DCs (Chakarvarti, 2010):

  • “9 National Certification examinations for Energy Managers and Energy Auditors have also been successfully conducted.

  • The country has now about 7766 Certified Energy Managers, out of which 5390 are also qualified as Certified Energy Auditors, from the previous 9 examinations.

  • 4 Guidebooks have been prepared to assist energy professionals.

  • 6 studies have been completed in Cement, Aluminium, Pulp and Paper, Textile, Fertiliser and Chlor Alkali to develop specific energy consumption norms.

  • On-line e-filing of annual energy consumption returns developed.

  • Three interactive Websites ( ( ( are in place. More than 5000 visitors visit these websites daily.

  • More than 5000 engineers have been trained in programmes on energy efficiency (Taskforces/Life Long Learning Programmes).”


Chakarvarti,K.K., 2010. Experience of India on Policies and Schemes for Energy Conservation and Efficiency. Third Meeting of Southeast Asia Network of Climate Change Focal Points, 20 June-1 July, 2010. Siem Reap, Cambodia. Available at:

Sood, J., n.d. Energy Conservation Act & BEE – An Overview. Bureau of Energy Efficiency.