Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)
Policy measure

According to Dey (2008), the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) was introduced in 2000. Its mission is “to assist in developing policies and strategies with a thrust on self-regulation and market principles, within the overall framework of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 with the primary objective of reducing energy intensity of the Indian economy. [The BEE obtains] inputs and co-opts expertise from private sector, non-governmental organizations, research institutions and technical agencies, both national and international, to achieve these objectives”. (BEE, 2011)


Official documentation by BEE (2011) states that the “BEE co-ordinates with designated consumers, designated agencies and other organizations in order to recognize, identify and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure, in performing the functions assigned to it under the Energy Conservation Act.

The Major Regulatory Functions of BEE include:

  • "Develop minimum energy performance standards and labeling design for equipment and appliances.
  • Develop specific Energy Conservation Building Codes.
  • Activities focusing on designated consumers.
  • Develop specific energy consumption norms.
  • Certify Energy Managers and Energy Auditors.
  • Accredit Energy Auditors.
  • Define the manner and periodicity of mandatory energy audits.
  • Develop reporting formats on energy consumption and action taken on the recommendations of the energy auditors."

The Major Promotional Functions of BEE include:

  • "Create awareness and disseminate information on energy efficiency and conservation.
  • Arrange and organize training of personnel and specialists in the techniques for efficient use of energy and its conservation.
  • Strengthen consultancy services in the field of energy conservation.
  • Promote research and development.
  • Develop testing and certification procedures and promote testing facilities.
  • Formulate and facilitate implementation of pilot projects and demonstration projects.
  • Promote use of energy efficient processes, equipment, devices and systems.
  • Take steps to encourage preferential treatment for use of energy efficient equipment or appliances.
  • Promote innovative financing of energy efficiency projects.
  • Give financial assistance to institutions for promoting efficient use of energy and its conservation.
  • Prepare educational curriculum on efficient use of energy and its conservation.
  • Implement international co-operation programs relating to efficient use of energy and its conservation.”
No identified challenges.

According to BEE (2011), the BEE has made its presence felt after a very slow start. The collective efforts have led to energy savings totalling 2,127 MW, which should be measured against a target of 10,000 MW. However, BEE has, among others, initiated some important initiatives: the National Energy Conservation Award for small-scale industries, for shopping mall buildings, hotel and hospital buildings, office buildings, and for large- and medium-scale industries. BEE also introduced a detailed scheme for energy efficiency labels in May 2006. Moreover, BEE has drafted a model energy performance contract for ESCOS (energy service companies). The most important initiative taken by BEE during the last few years so far has been the organization of the National Certificate Examination for Energy Managers and Energy Auditors on a regular basis.

Since its inception, the BEE has successfully launched a number of programmes and initiatives, all of which targeted energy-related issues in the various sectors. While a number of initiatives of the 1970s and 1980s sought to attain similar objectives, the BEE has been successful on account of providing greater thrust to the promotion of the idea of energy efficiency as a means to achieve competitiveness. Industries and businesses which took to this agenda were presented as being at the forefront of cutting edge mechanisms (BEE, 2011).


BBE (Bureau of Energy Efficiency), 2011. Bureau of Energy Efficiency India. Available at: www.bee-india.nic.in/.

Dey, D., 2007. Energy Efficiency Initiatives: Indian Experience. Kolkata: ICFAI Business School. Available at: www.helio-international.org/Dey%20Paper.pdf.