Romanian Governmental Agencies for Energy Efficiency
Policy measure

The Romanian Agency for Energy Conservation (ARCE) was created in 1990 and is the main institution for promoting efficient energy use. The authority of this agency with reference to policy on efficient energy use was strengthened in 2000 and was further expanded in 2006. By law, ARCE is the main government body specialized in the area of energy efficiency at national level. The government also established the National Energy Observer (OEN) in 2003, whose main task is to compile data and determine the main indicators of energy efficiency in Romania. In the same year, the Romanian Fund for Energy Efficiency was established and began to provide financial assistance to companies in the industrial sector and other energy consumers in order to enable them to implement energy efficiency projects (NEEAP, 2006).


According to NEEAP (2006), as an EU member state Romania must, in accordance with EU directives, reduce its energy consumption by at least 9 percent over a period of nine years (2008-2016) based on the previous five years for which data is available. The target set for Romania for 2010 was 940,000 toe, which corresponds to 4.5 percent of the average for the years 2001-2005. This was established in correspondence with the potential for energy savings in Romania‚Äôs industry, the residential, the tertiary and the transport sector. 

Implementation
No identified implementation measures.
Challenges
No identified challenges.
Outcomes

The economic potential of energy savings in 2001 from the point of view of cost efficiency was measured based on the maximum value of potential energy savings by sector in ktoe/year. This amounts to 1,590 ktoe/year in industry, 3,600 in the residential sector, 1,390 in the transport and communication sectors, and 243 ktoe/year in the tertiary sector, with a total amount of 6,823 ktoe/year (NEEAP, 2006).

References

NEEAP (National Energy Efficiency Action Plans), 2006. First National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (2007-2010). Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/demand/legislation/doc/neeap/romania_en.pdf.