Energy Study Groups (GESEs)
Policy measure

According to ECLAC (2010), so-called Energy Study Groups (GESEs) were established in 1985 in compliance with a decree from 1985 and an agreement between the National Technology University (UTN) and the Secretariat of Energy. These groups were to specifically conduct energy assessments of SMEs in the industrial sector with the aim of promoting rational energy use. 


Each GESE consisted of one professor with extensive experience in energy issues as the director, two to three engineering professionals and students. These groups conduct energy assessments for industrial firms, which are then presented with a report including an assessment of what measures can be implemented to improve energy efficiency in the production process. Both ‘low hanging fruits’ were highlighted as well as savings that would require investments and what those investments and adaptations would cost and what the payback period of the investments would be. The services provided by these groups were initially free for the companies, but in 1990, the groups began to charge fees for the energy assessment services (ECLAC, 2010).


The key challenges with regard to the effectiveness of these studies have been the economic crises in Argentina and a lack of follow-up efforts by the governments on energy efficiency programmes, implying that many recommendations were not implemented and the impact of these groups has therefore not been as positive as it could have otherwise been (ECLAC, 2010).


The activities of these groups from their initiation up to 2010 have resulted in assistance for more than 2,000 companies in the industrial sector through the evaluation of the energy performance of many different energy consuming processes, such as  steam production, ovens and drying systems, steam distributing systems, electrical systems, air compressors, refrigeration facilities, air conditioning and ventilation equipment (ECLAC, 2010).


ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean), 2010. Energy efficiency in Latin America and the Caribbean: situation and outlook. Chile: Santiago.