Energy Efficiency Promotion Project
Policy measure

According to GTZ (2007), the Thai Energy Efficiency Promotion Project (ENEP) was one in a series of programmes and projects in the field of energy cooperation between Thailand and Germany.

The objective of the project was to promote and carry out activities to improve energy efficiency in factories as stipulated in the ECP Act, which contributes to the decrease of energy intensities in industrial, commercial and private sectors and the reduction of CO2 emissions (GTZ, 2007).

As none of the two divisions of the Department of Energy Development and Promotion (DEDP), the Bureau of Energy Regulation and Conservation (BERC) and the Training Division (TD), would be able to offer appropriate services in the required variety to ensure the goals of the ENEP are achieved, the GTZ was asked to provide some assistance to professionalize the services offered by the two divisions, and to develop strategies on the outsourcing of training courses to private consultancies (GTZ, 2007).

The project was split into three phases (I: 10/93-03/96, II: 04/96-03/99; III: 04/99-03/02).


The following activities were pursued throughout the project (GTZ, 2007):

  • “Training programs which meet the needs and requirements of the ECP-Act are worked out and implemented in cooperation with the private sector.

  • A demand oriented concept for marketing and information services is developed in cooperation with the suppliers of energy-efficient technologies.

  • In order to implement the energy saving program, the management competence of the staff of the Department of Energy Development and Promotion (DEDP) is increased.

  • A monitoring and evaluation system for impact monitoring of decisions within the frame-work of the energy-saving law and the improvement of regulations is set up and operational.”


A more systematic approach in trainings and organizational and market development would have been needed to obtain more far-reaching effects. It remains a limiting factor that the importance of energy consumption is underestimated by certain target groups within the heavy energy-intensive industries in Thailand. (GTZ, 2007)


Overall, the GTZ (2007) found the effects of the ENEP to be limited. The intended over-arching results of the ECP Act (and, consequently, of ENEP as well) were not achieved and therefore evaluated as being unsatisfactory. Although this is beyond the responsibilities of ENEP and its activities, it nevertheless tried to “restructure DEDP, to empower DEDP staff and Accredited Consultants as well as Registered Consultants, to demonstrate the effectiveness of new technologies, produce useful technical and non-technical guides and materials, implement information systems and support the communication between private and state actors” (GTZ, 2007).

Despite the negative project evaluation, some good came from the project at the micro-level (GTZ, 2007): “ENEP implemented a broad variety of measures such as training concepts and materials, feedback reports, guidelines, internet and customer service concepts etc. during its lifetime and most of them can be found even five years after the official project end”.


GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit), 2007. Ex-post evaluation 2007: Energy Efficiency Promotion Pro-ject (ENEP), Thailand. Brief Report. Eschborn. Available at: