International Cooperation on the Development of New Argentinian Energy Efficiency Institutions and Policies
Policy measure

According to ECLAC (2010), Argentina has invited different actors to assist in the development phases of some of their new energy efficiency institutions and policies. Assistance was provided by individual consultants as well as the World Bank and the Global Environment Fund (GEF).

Implementation

In late 2003, the work of designing a series of energy efficiency projects began with the technical assistance of a European consultant. These projects were to be executed by the World Bank and be part of a programme eligible for funding from the Global Environment Fund (GEF) (ECLAC, 2010).


Preliminary studies were carried out to determine which projects the Secretariat of Energy would support with the funds from GEF. The exchange of views between the World Bank and the Secretariat of Energy resulted in a decision to continue the programme with three components designed to: (i) develop the Argentine Energy Efficiency Investment Fund (FAEE) and use the donated funds to finance the preparation of a portfolio of energy efficiency projects; (ii) develop an Electrical Distribution Firms Programme with a focus on efficient lighting; and (iii) strengthen capacity and management (ECLAC, 2010).

Challenges
No identified challenges.
Outcomes

ECLAC (2010) reports that a paradoxical effect resulted from the cooperation between the Argentine government and international technical and financial assistance. Notably, in 1992-1999, excessive dependence meant that the more cooperation took place, the less did policymaking entities get involved in the daily aspects of the issues. This specifically occurred when support was provided by the URE RA/UE programme which is a collaboration project between Argentina and the European Union and included research and demonstration projects.


In this period, the national government and Secretariat of Energy promoted the privatization of the energy sector and took a laissez-faire attitude to rational energy use. Meanwhile, the principal regulatory frameworks no more than superficially mentioned the need for efficient energy use (ECLAC, 2010).

References

ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean), 2010. Energy efficiency in Latin America and the Caribbean: situation and outlook. Chile: Santiago.