863 Programme
Policy measure

The 863 Programme, also known as the State High-Tech Development Plan, was proposed in 1986 and was subsequently created to "stimulate the development of advanced technologies in a wide range of fields in order to render China independent of financial obligations for foreign technologies" (WRI, 2009).

According to WRI (2009), "the program has changing focuses and priorities, depending on the needs of national economic development. During the 11th Five Year Plan, the 863 program set up 10 focus areas, including energy technologies".

"Within the energy category there are four technology priorities: hydrogen and fuel cell, energy efficiency, clean coal and renewable energy" (WRI, 2009)


"A total of 1.12 billion Yuan has been invested in [the Program] priorities, with hydrogen and efficiency technologies receiving the majority of funding". Energy efficiency technologies received a total funding of 75 million Yuan per year. (WRI, 2009)

No identified challenges.
No identified outcomes.
WRI (World Resource Institute), 2009. An Emerging Revolution: Clean Technology Research, Development and Innovation in China. Washington, DC.