Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBITAK)
Policy measure

According to the International Energy Agency (2009), "most public R&D investment is undertaken by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBITAK) and the universities, supplemented by state-owned companies with separate R&D programs. Established in 1963, TÜBITAK is an autonomous institution governed by a Scientific Board whose members represent universities, industry and research institutions. TÜBITAK funds research projects carried out in universities and other public and private organizations. It has a broad portfolio, including:

  • Conducting research on strategic areas.

  • Developing support programs for public and private sectors.

  • Publishing scientific journals, popular science magazines and books.

  • Organizing science and society activities.

  • Supporting undergraduate and graduate students through scholarships".

"TÜBITAK’s energy R&D activities are carried out at its Marmara Research Centre (TÜBITAK-MAM), where the Energy Institute has more than 100 fulltime staff. The Energy Institute has four strategic business units: Advanced Energy Technologies; Fuel Technologies; Vehicle Technologies; and Power Electronic Technologies. The Institute’s applied research projects focus on fuel cells, hydrogen, combustion, gasification and gas cleaning, energy storage, electric vehicle technologies, power electronics and fuel technologies, including second-generation biofuels." (IEA, 2009)

Implementation

"Examples of current energy R&D projects include coal gasification, CO2 storage and transport, and fuel production from biomass and coal blends. On coal gasification, TÜBITAK has entered into a public-private partnership with Zorlu Energy on a project to study electricity generation from gasified coal. The aim is to reduce the environmental impact of coal use. TÜBITAK expects to lend Zorlu Energy TRL 9 million for constructing an R&D centre to reduce the environmental burden of coal burning and improve energy efficiency in electricity generation. The centre is expected to begin operation by the end of 2011."(IEA 2009)

Challenges
No identified challenges.
Outcomes
No identified outcomes.
References
IEA (International Energy Agency), 2009. Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Turkey 2009 review. Paris.