Minimum Energy Performance Standards and Labelling Schemes in Russia
Policy measure

“Russia began taking energy conservation action in 1976 and it introduced energy efficiency standards for ovens in 1983. This program was expanded and revised several times since, giving Russia a long list of appliances that are required to meet MEPS, with the last updates in 1987 and 1991.” (NAEEEC, 2004)


“The Federal Law  ‘On Energy Conservation’ of 1996 called for more accountability of producers and consumers and the inclusion of energy efficiency requirements in federal standards for equipment, materials, buildings and vehicles, including labelling. A standard setting out general ways of indicating energy efficiency of products came into force in September 2000 (GOST P 51380-1999).” (NAEEEC, 2004)


“This sets out the framework for a labelling scheme broadly harmonised with Europe and use of IEC and ISO test procedures. Revised MEPS and voluntary labelling were introduced for refrigerators in January 2001 (through GOST P 51388) and this standard also envisages labelling for a wide range of products such as gas and electric appliances, lamps, insulation products and cars. However, it appears at this stage, the program has not progressed beyond refrigerators on a voluntary basis. The style of energy label to be used is similar to the European Union.” (NAEEEC, 2004)


“In 1999 a standard GOST Р 51388-99 “Provision of Information for consumers about energy efficiency of products for household application” was adopted. This standard sets out the framework for an energy efficiency labelling scheme broadly harmonised with the European one. It envisages labelling for a wide range of products such as gas and electric appliances, lamps, insulation products and cars. Further specific requirements for the energy classes have been developed only for refrigerators and freezes – GOST 51565 – 2000. The standard introduces seven energy efficiency classes A-G and the information to be included in the energy label. Further, it requires that refrigerators of class G cannot be manufactured after 2002 and of class F not after 2004. No further standards were developed for the products listed in GOST 51388, which is most probably due to its voluntary nature and the absence of a delegated government institution responsible for its implementation.” (ECS, 2009)


“In 1999 GOST 51380 introduced the general requirements and the methods for the verification of energy efficiency indicators for energy consuming products listed in GOST 51388 – a manufacturer declaration, certification testing procedure and statistical data analysis. No further detailed test procedures for the various types of equipment have been developed, nor were international performance test procedures adopted.” (ECS, 2009)

Implementation

According to NAEEEC (2004), the following agencies were involved in the development of Russia’s minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) programme:

  • "Ministry of Fuel and Energy.

  • GOSTANDART of Russia (the State Committee of Russian Federation for Standardisation and Meteorology, also known as GOST).

  • ZNEENMash (an affiliate of GOST who are responsible for the development of product energy performance regulations).

  • Mintopenergo, (responsible for developing and overseeing voluntary energy efficiency requirements and targets)".

Challenges

“The voluntary status of the standards, lack of specific requirements for labels and lack of proper mandate to a government institute to actually implement requirements are contributing factors to this lack of impact.” (ECS, 2009)

Outcomes

According to ECS (2009) both MEPS and labels have not really been implemented thus far, and the impact of the MEPS and labelling efforts is marginal.


A large testing facility has been established in Russia which tests for the EU performance standards for washing machines (ECS, 2009).

References

ECS (Energy Charter Secretariat), 2009. Policies that Work: Introducing Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels for Appliances and Equipment. Brussels.


NAEEEC (National Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Committee), 2004. Energy Labelling and Standards Programs throughout the World. Australia.