The Promotion of the Use of Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs and Household Electrical Appliances
Policy measure

A project entitled The Promotion of the Use of Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs and Household Electrical Appliances has been implemented by the Romanian Ministry of Finance and the ARCE. This includes minimum performance standards for electric appliances and household lighting devices. (NEEAP, 2006)


According to NEEAP (2006), the implementation measures of the project include: the promotion of and support to replace incandescent light bulbs with energy-efficient ones, as well as the replacement of older household appliances such as refrigerators, washing machines, etc with more energy efficient models. Moreover, energy efficiency labeling was introduced for household appliances including refrigerators, washing machines, dishwashers, ovens, household air conditioners and lighting devices. This was followed by the initiation of an institutional framework for the introduction of these standards and labels by a comprehensive retailer compliance monitoring procedure.

No identified challenges.

It is estimated that the sale of 543,000 energy efficient refrigerators and 495,714 washing machines in 2004 achieved savings of approx. 14.000 toe/year (NEEAP, 2006). When looking at the effect of compliance monitoring, a significant decrease in shops that do not comply with the standards is evident. While non-compliance lied at 64 percent in 2004, it dropped to 39 percent in 2006 and decreased further to 18 percent in 2007. Also, when comparing sales trends for refrigerators and washing machines from 2003 to 2007 by energy class, it is clear that consumers gradually bought more energy efficient appliances. The sales of A+ refrigerators rose from 3.1 percent in 2004 to 28.7 percent by mid-2007 and the sales of A-class products grew from 33.5 percent in 2003 to 62.6 percent in 2007 (ECS, 2009).


NEEAP (National Energy Efficiency Action Plans), 2006. First National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (2007-2010). Available at:

ECS (Energy Charter Secretariat), 2009. Policies that Work: Introducing Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels for Appliances and Equipment. Available at: