Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) for High Energy Consuming Products
Policy measure

The Chinese authorities have implemented a vast number of energy efficiency standards “to encourage manufacturers to improve the energy efficiency of products, which would be useful to reduce the energy consumption of end-use products. They apply to end-use products, such as, room air conditioners, water heaters, household cookers, computer displays, copiers and so on, and they provide energy efficiency limits, grades and results of energy-saving evaluations.” (APERC, 2010)

Implementation

The following energy standards have been implemented in the Chinese industry (APERC, 2010):

  • “Since 2007, 46 efficiency standards have been set by the Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China, most of which formally went into effect on 1 June 2008, including 36 mandatory energy efficiency standards. There are 22 MEPS for high energy consuming products, which connect with 22 kinds of high energy consuming products in the thermal power, steel, nonferrous metals, building materials and petrochemical industries.

  • In addition, China uses an ‘Energy efficiency labeling management approach’ which is designed to enhance the interaction of producers and consumers, and guide consumers to purchase energy-efficient products, while promoting producers to use energy-efficient technologies. It applies to the residential, commercial, and industry sectors.
  • On 1 March 2005, the ‘Energy efficiency labeling management approach’ went into effect, and the first product labeling catalogue was issued, which covered refrigerators and room air conditioners. China has put out four lists of product catalogues for labeling as of October 2008. Catalogue No. 1 was implemented on 1 March 2005, and covered refrigerators and room air conditioners. Catalogue No. 2 was implemented on 1 March 2007, which covered washing machines and unit air conditioners. Catalogue No. 3 was implemented on 1 June 2008, and covered fluorescent lights, high-pressure sodium lamps, motors, chillers, domestic gas burning instantaneous water heaters and gas burning water heaters. Catalogue No. 4 was implemented on 1 March 2009, and covered speed-controlled air conditioners, multi-connected air conditioner units, household cookers, computer displays and copiers.

  • In addition to the MEPS for high-energy consuming products, China has 11 energy efficiency standards for end-use products in the residential, commercial, and industry sectors.”

Challenges
No identified challenges.
Outcomes

The standards implemented are expected to help reduce the energy consumption of end-use products. “For example, the average thermal efficiency of gas-burning water heaters would increase 4% to 10% after the implementation of the standard on energy efficiency rating and energy efficiency limit of domestic gas burning instantaneous water heaters and gas burning water heaters, which is expected to result in savings of 560 billion liters of gas and emissions reductions of 305 400 tones CO2 before 2010.” (APERC, 2010)

References
APERC (Asia Pacific Research Centre), 2010. Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies - China. Available at: www.ieej.or.jp/aperc/CEEP/China.pdf.