National Climate Change Plan (PROCEL) and National Programme for the Rational Use of Oil Products and Natural Gas (CONPET)
Policy measure

According to ECLAC (2010), the Ministry of Mines and Energy is responsible, at least formally, for energy efficiency activities in Brazil, including monitoring the planning, promotion and evaluation of the activities in the field. With the overall responsibility for national energy efficiency policies lying with the Ministry of Mines and Energy, the more detailed work is conducted by its Secretariat of Energy and Development Planning. The policies in this area are defined through two national programmes, the National Climate Change Plan (PROCEL) and the National Programme for the Rational Use of Oil Products and Natural Gas (CONPET). These are run by the General Energy Efficiency Coordination Office. Other than managing these two programmes, this Office has several mandates and responsibilities for energy efficiency implementation (ECLAC, 2010).  


The Brazilian government also introduced the National Climate Change Policy (PNMC) in 2008. The PNMC includes measures on how to increase energy efficiency in various sectors of the economy (ECLAC, 2010).

Implementation

PROCEL, the National Electrical Conservation Programme, was established in 1985. It is overseen by the Ministry of Mines and Energy and coordinated by ELECTROBRAS. The Ministry of Mines and Energy also supervises another national programme, CONPET, which was launched in 1991. This programme includes private initiatives and draws on technical, administrative and financial resources of PETROBRAS.


With regard to energy efficiency in the PNMC, the aim is to implement a national energy efficiency action plan which will reduce electricity consumption by 10 percent by 2030. This includes the replacement of one million old refrigerators per year for ten years, as well as the reduction of 1,000 GWh of non-technical losses in electricity distribution per year for the next ten years. Industrial energy efficiency, transport and buildings are also targeted (IEA, 2008).

Challenges

ECLAC (2010) asserts that limited resources and funding represent the main challenges for the Ministry of Mines and Energy. With a team of less than six full time professionals devoted to energy efficiency coupled with a small budget, the Ministry is limited in its ability to cover the wide range of activities. Given these constraints, energy efficiency in Brazil is principally promoted by the programmes PROCEL and CONPET.

Outcomes

According to ECLAC (2019), some results have been achieved by the two implemented programmes, though they are not as visible as initially desired. They are furthermore not accorded the importance they deserve and are not adequately coordinated.

References

ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean), 2010. Energy efficiency in Latin America and the Caribbean: situation and outlook. Chile: Santiago. 


IEA (International Energy Agency), 2008. Brazil National Climate Change Plan. Available at: www.iea.org/textbase/pm/?mode=cc&id=4302&action=detail.