This covers principally the formation of a public agency, department or division on energy efficiency which can put focus on the subject and be a source of information on energy efficiency technology and practices for national companies. Laws and regulations that remove the least efficient equipment and practices from the market and cut greenhouse gas emissions.

Energy efficiency laws generally establish government regulating, implementing and coordinating agencies – as well as promotional and support organizations – and cover energy standards, energy savings plans, regular reporting of energy consumption, energy auditing and energy conservation training, and technical assistance. Laws can also stipulate priorities and provide tax incentives, subsidies and penalties.